Imperial policing [Charles William Gwynn] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. William Gwynn’s (–), short book Imperial Policing (London: is harder to find investigations into the command of ‘imperial policing’, where senior offi-. Imperial Policing. Front Cover. Sir Charles William Gwynn. Macmillan and Company, Limited, Bibliographic information. QR code for Imperial Policing.
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He also placed two pickets in the street with orders that no Indian was to be permitted to pass between the points at which they were posted, and in giving his instructions added that if Indians had to pass they must go on “all fours”.
The crowd also broke into the Zenana Hospital and searched for Mrs. The shots brought the crowd to a standstill at poilcing, but did not disperse it. When reprisals are undertaken, the reasons for doing so should be publicly stated and the acts should be duly authorised. Please enter recipient e-mail address es.
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Certain operations, such as the search of towns or areas in which rebel bands are concealing themselves, present special features, but although they must be undertaken in a systematic manner, the system may require modification, either from the characteristics of the hunted or the nature of the area to be searched. It is, however, essential that the Army should maintain close touch with the police organisation in order to form an intelligent anticipation of events and to satisfy itself that the information the Policibg requires will be available, and that the procedure for communicating imperal is satisfactory.
Fiseha Impegial marked it as to-read Apr 28, When the order had’ been in effect for about a week it was brought to notice, and cancelled by order of the Punjab Government.
The problem General Dyer had to deal with when he took over command was to prevent further disorder, to bring the guilty to justice and to restore normal civil control within the area of his command. Three European magistrates bwynn detailed to watch these crossings and to prevent a crowd attempting to approach the district Court House.
Imperial Policing by Charles W. Gwynn
Panic added to the. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Such measures should never be initiated by subordinate officers without due authority. The chief police station Kotwalithe Town Hall and the Post Office are situated together in the centre of the northern half of the city and the main road connecting them with the civil lines runs along Hall Bazaar, through Hall Gate and across the railway by Hall Bridge; to.
The civil inclination tends towards dispersion in defensive detachments, and the military towards a more offensive policy and concentration.
Restrictions imposed by the Commissioner to prevent large processions and to settle the hours and places of the funerals were not accepted by the emissaries, but they were eventually obeyed.
A few mounted orderlies attached to infantry pickets might also have saved the necessity of the civil officials having to leave threatened points at critical moments in order to obtain assistance.
Forty of the Gurkhas were armed only with kukris. Tradition on the whole, as I think will be shown in subsequent chapters, has produced remarkably satisfactory results, but it has its dangers. The difficulty of applying rules and of deciding, in the noise and confusion of a riot, on the amount of force necessary should, however, also receive recognition.
The conditions were favourable for agitation, and any Government measures which could be described as reactionary and opposed to the demand for Home Rule or an. The E-mail message field is required. Official records are often confined to reports of commissions of enquiry set up as a result of political controversy to ascertain how far the use of force was abused or necessary. When military assistance is not summoned until police control has been lost, immediate use of force may be necessary, but often the appearance of disciplined armed bodies will produce the desired results.
I should like to take this opportunity of expressing my thanks to those officers on whose experiences I have drawn, and to those who have been good enough to read and criticise what I have written. The slipperiness of modern streets, the ease with which wire obstacles can be constructed, and the probability that some of the crowd will possess automatic pistols tend, however, to restrict their use.
The whole enclosure formed a cul-de-sac to which ways of access were few and narrow. Two British subordinate officials were also brutally murdered in the neighbourhood of the railway goods yards. For that reason “fancy punishments” are undesirable expedients; at best they can only be justified by success and when carefully devised to meet a real need. Subsequent to these events no further collisions with Government forces occurred at Amritsar.
A proclamation was accordingly drawn up announcing that violence would be punished by martial law and prohibiting all meetings and gatherings. He had therefore to stand or fall by his decision, and could not expect the responsibility for his decision to be shared by others. A large crowd made its way to Hall Bridge, evidently in an angry and excited mood and intent on making its way to the civil lines to see Mr.
Leaving his armouted cars in a street outside as the approaches were too narrow to allow them to get farther, General Dyer at once deployed the 50 men of his party who were armed with rifles at each side of the entrance on the higher ground and opened fire on the crowd without warning or calling on it to disperse.
The former may be on a scale which amounts to fully organised rebellion, necessitating operations in which the Government forces employ all the ordinary methods of warfare. The actual timing and arrangements for the arrests seem to have been decided locally.
Fear of this has often led to the intervention of the Army being postponed till a situation has developed which called for the exercise of force on a scale greater than timely intervention would have required.
He should, however, if possible without further endangering the situation, obtain the concurrence of the civil officer before adopting extreme measures. Such movements, however, almost inevitably lead to rioting, often of a dangerous nature, due to the widespread character of the agitation and. The sight of cold steel has a calming effect, and the steady advance of a line of bayonets has often sufficed to disperse a mob without resort to firing.
Without a much fuller knowledge of local circumstances than it was possible to acquire, criticisms are necessarily to some extent guesswork. On the other hand, many sections of public opinion have drawn the conclusion that military control involves ruthlessness and reprisals to an extent which brings all action inspired by military authority under suspicion. At the same period, however, at other places certain “fancy punishments” as they were called by the Hunter Committee were instituted or employed by junior officers.
While withdrawing, Dickie’s picket was met by Mr. In the former case they should be moved early, and unostentatiously, to positions of readiness in the background, and if possible out of sight.
Master and use copy. Troops may be called out as a precautionary measure when trouble is anticipated; but often the situation has passed out gwnyn hand before they appear on the scene.
Linked Data More info about Linked Data. They are recorded in the report of the Committee of Investigation together with incidents which occurred practically simultaneously at other places in India. The military side of the local defence scheme was evidently designed, as must be the first consideration in India, impefial the protection of the European community and railway communications, and as Mr.
There are some aspects of it, however, to which attention may be drawn. When the situation demands military operations, although information will probably still come chiefly from police sources, it may be necessary to have a separate military organisation working in close collaboration with the police; or military personnel may be added to the i,perial organisation. There would no longer be the danger of another Power stepping in to assume a position abandoned by Britain.
His suggestion was, that in the armies of all nations a police component, bearing the same ratio to population as has the German Army under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, should be allowed. In India the civil government relies to such an extent on military support that it is difficult at times to distinguish where the responsibility of one begins and the other ends, and there must be the closest coordination of plans and action.
When it is a matter impwrial suppressing rioting some kmperial the advantages conferred by modern weapons and their poljcing should be understood.