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Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion which changes cancellous bone tissue with each fibrous tissue and. Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a benign condition of the jaws that may arise from the fibroblasts of the periodontal ligaments. It is most common in African-American females. The three types are periapical cemental dysplasia ( common in those of African descent), focal cemento-osseous. The distinguishing histopathologic features of focal cemento-osseous dysplasia ( FCOD) (including lesions occurring in both anterior and posterior jaws) and.

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The ethnic background of each patient was not recorded in the charts of the Special Procedures Clinic, nor was this detail recorded by any of the referring clinicians. Oral and maxillofacial pathology.

Case presentation A year-old woman was admitted to the University of Istanbul’s Department of Oral Surgery for the evaluation of painless swelling in the left mandibular molar and premolar area. Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; On the basis of the intraoperative findings during the curettage, it was suspected that the lesion was not a periapical granuloma or cyst of endodontic origin because the small fragments were gritty and hemorrhagic.

Periapical radiographs of osseous cemento-osseous dysplasia: Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Clinically, 46 was missing and 47, 48 were carious. Sitemap What’s New Feedback Disclaimer.

Cemento-osseous dysplasia

Of these cemento-osdeous, 4 were related to an edentulous area. Intervention may cause secondary infection of the cementum-like radiopacities, which may in turn induce osteomyelitis in a certain proportion of cases. Grossly, the resected surgical specimen presented as multiple gritty cemwnto-osseous of tan-brown hemorrhagic tissue.


A foca, case report. The radiographic image may be erroneously diagnosed as an endodontic infection. Histopathologic features show fragments of woven or lamellar bone with cementum-like material in a meshwork of spindled stroma composed of fibroblasts, loose collagen fibers, and small vessels [ 28 ].

In this case report a year- old patient with a a complaint of painless swelling of the left mandibular molar and premolar area is presented along with a review of the differential diagnoses considered in order to reach a final diagnosis of focal cemento-osseous dysplasia.

FCOD was first suggested by Summerlin and Tomich, primarily according to the location of dysplastic areas of the bone i. Intraoral examination and palpation revealed a firm, painless, stable mass in the affected area. Hemorrhage is unusual and localized at the periphery versus a cemenyo-osseous pattern seen in FOD [ 28 ].

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How to cite this article: FCOD has been described as having three developmental stages, each with specific radiographic features. A surgical excision of the periapical lesion was performed.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Cemento-oosseous 3. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

Cemento-osseous dysplasia – Wikipedia

B 3D docal of the tooth apices and the lesion adjacent to it creating expansion towards the buccal bone. A clinical and histopathologic study of fifteen cases. Periapical COD is bilateral and is located at the root apices of the mandibular anterior teeth; it shows a predisposition for middle-aged black women.


FCOD is usually found during routine radiographic examination. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol ; Support Center Support Center. Notify me when new comments are posted.

Osseous cemento-osseous dysplasia of the jaws: This case highlights the necessity to make a careful differential diagnosis in doubtful cases. Classification and presentation of a large pedigree. The lesion was symptomatic and was detected in the 46 region, which was the site of a previous extraction. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. J Oral Maxillofac Radiol ;1: The lesions demonstrate three stages of maturation, and most patients are asymptomatic, although some may complain of dull pain, sinus tracts or exposure of avascular bone into the oral cavity due to secondary infection.

Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia masquerading as a residual cyst. Demographic and clinical data, radiographic findings and final diagnoses were collected and analyzed to determine typical characteristics. Radiological appearance of FCOD is either only complete radiolocent or only complete radio-opaque or mixed radiolucent, radio-opaque together.

A year-old male had a history of an incidentally identified lesion in the posterior mandible. A 6-month follow-up examination revealed that healing was uneventful with no recurrence figure 5.