DOUHET THE COMMAND OF THE AIR PDF
Command of the Air [Giulio Douhet, Charles a. Gabriel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reprint of the translation by staff of the. The Italian General Giulio Douhet reigns as one of the twentieth century’s foremost strategic air power theorists. As such scholars as Raymond Flugel have . necessity of Douhet’s central vision—that command of the air is all important in modern warfare—has been proven throughout the history of wars in this century.
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Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. In his second edition of The Command of the Air he maintained such aviation was “useless, superfluous and harmful”.
However, subsequent conflicts would largely discredit Douhet’s theory. Douhet tbe to write about air power from his cell, finishing a novel on air power and proposing a massive Allied fleet of aircraft in communications aie ministers. The logic of this model is that exposing large portions of civilian populations to the terror of destruction or the shortage of consumer goods would damage civilian morale into submission.
Airpower theories, a key proponent of strategic bombing.
These would vary from situation to situation, but Douhet identified the five basic target types as: Coward-McCann, Includes bibliographical references Book one. But neither the infrastructure nor the morale of London was broken by the Blitz.
The only defense was a good offense. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Douhet wrote a report on the aviation lessons learned in which he suggested high altitude bombing should be the primary role of aircraft. Aircraft could fly over surface forces, relegating them to secondary importance. Te transporting ourselves back to the s, past not only the Vietnam and Korean Wars, but nearly two decades before World War II, we become silent observers of the unfolding drama of airpower’s history.
Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. This article needs additional citations for verification. Aircraft could go anywhere within their radius of action, flying over enemy lines to bomb industry, infrastructure, and workforces.
What defence was possible against the destruction of cities by aerial bombing?
The command of the air
In fact, he may never have learnt to fly. In his book Douhet argued that air power was revolutionary because it operated in the third dimension. After an incident in which he ordered construction of Caproni bombers without authorization, he was exiled to the infantry. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.
The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet: When World War I began, Douhet began to call for Italy to launch a massive military build-up — particularly in aircraft. He proposed an independent air force composed primarily of long-range load-carrying bombers.
Armies became superfluous because aircraft could overfly them and attack these centers of the government, military and industry with impunity, a principle later called ” The bomber will always get through “. Douhet believed in the morale effects of bombing. Heavy losses forced the Germans to switch to night bombing.
Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The heavy bombers involved in the Combined Bomber Offensive did not win the war alone, as Harris had argued they would. Germany’s Plan of Operation pp. See also WorldCat this item. Douhet’s theories about forcing the population to start a revolution, when subjected to practical application, were shown to be ineffective.
The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet : a Military Times Classic – Military History Monthly
Outside Italy, Douhet’s reception was mixed. The three-dimensional vastness of the sky and the speed with which aircraft moved through it precluded effective doyhet gunnery.
Translation of Il dominio dell’aria Reprint. Be the first one to write a review. The same year he completed a hugely influential treatise on strategic bombing titled The Command of the Air Il dominio dell’aria and retired from military service soon after. World War II would prove many of his predictions to be wrong, particularly on the vulnerability of public morale to bombing. This emphasis on the strategic offensive would blind Douhet to the possibilities of air defense or tactical support of armies.
The war of Douhet was a terrible prophet, but a false one. During that war aircraft operated for the first time in reconnaissance, transport, artillery spotting and even limited bombing roles.
Neither anti-aircraft guns nor fighter aircraft could provide effective defence, and resources devoted to them drained strength from the decisive arm: The probable aspects of the war of the future — Book three. Targeting was central to this strategy and he believed that air commanders would prove themselves by their choice of targets.