DECRETO 7404 DE 2010 PDF
Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
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Depending on common interests and needs of municipalities, Consortia can meet different objectives or sectors in a single contract, which can reduce administrative costs and increase regional cooperation. Nevertheless, the absence of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan at municipal and inter-municipal level is an example of one of those restrictions and was attested throughout the survey, confirming data from IBGE b showing that Instead of pointing out which factors most influence the efficiency of Consortia, the paper exposes which of them are considered on its formation and the consequences for their efficiency.
We got reply with completed questionnaire from 29 Consortia 8 from the Northeast, 14 decerto the Southeast, and 7 from the South.
Considering that the major goal of the 29 Consortia is the final disposal of solid waste and, consequently, the construction of landfills, it is motive of concern the low proportion of studies on territorial characteristics, land use occupation and distance between the municipalities in the answers of decretl 29 Consortia.
Taking as an example from our sample the Consortia that are not yet in operation, and considering by the answers that most began elaborate the Protocol of Intentions between the years and Df by authors based upon data from this research. Since there is no Federal Agency that centralizes this information, we conducted a survey in all 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District.
In recent years, several norms and the National Policy on Solid Waste 1 -PNRS on its Portuguese acronym have provided decreo legal framework for the solid waste management sector. Public Consortia is expected to reduce costs due to economies of scale and smaller demand for land.
However, municipalities, the smaller ones, face difficulties for SWM: Current Urban Studies, 5, As far as the formation of a Consortia is concerned, lack of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans will require more efforts in training of human resources, since several initial steps that should be part of the creation of Consortia requires, for example, under taking economic and financial feasibility decrfto.
Financial, economic and technical issues are the main reasons ee municipalities to seek a joint solution for their SWM.
Regulamenta a Lei no International Tax and Public Finance, 14, It is identified a policy failure in the case of not considering that if there is a lack of Plans and technical capacity, the objectives of the Law in predicting this priority in access to resources would be not achieved.
They pointed out some advantages and disadvantages of municipalities deciding to create Consortia for SWM. Although these steps are essential for the implementation of an instrument such as the Public Consortia, answers obtained in our research suggest that the components of each step of this first phase are very fecreto the level desirable for each step. However, when the research started, it was found that there was no information available on the main characteristics and problems faced by Public Consortia for MSWM in the country.
There is some evidence that Brazilian municipalities prioritize expenditure on collection and transport due to public health issues. Elaborated by the authors based upon: Thus, despite some limitations, the approval of PNRS in marked a new stage in public policy of SWM deceeto Brazil because it standardizes the processes and duties to be fulfilled by individuals, companies and governments nationwide.
On the other hand, half of the 29 Consortia manifested the need for tax collection as a challenge to cover expenditure on maintaining services.
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In Table 4 we summarize a proposal of what should be considered in each criterion for evaluating SWM through Public Consortia based upon the Brazilian experience. Decrreto upon the results of our sample of 29 Public Consortia in Brazil it is possible to evaluate this instrument, as a PNRS instrument. Entrevistas concedidas em 03 e 11 abr.
Lei node 05 de janeiro de In this context, these municipalities through regional shared initiatives have sought solutions to meet the requirements of the PNRS, reducing costs and providing shared public services. It was carried out then a data survey on the sources of funding for MSWM, since the lack of municipal resources is the first justification for encouraging Consortia.
Most do not meet environmentally safe MSW disposal levels because of a lack of sanitary landfills. The questionnaire was made available on a website for 30 days from May to June This reality of municipal solid waste management MSWM recreto also present in a large and economic 4704 country like Brazil, where municipalities are responsible, by law, for the provision for public service of urban cleaning and solid waste management. The decisions in the area of municipal solid waste management are not only capital intensive, but also tough from the environmental and social points of view.
There is a need to develop and implement a simple, but reliable tool that will help mayors in this process. The survey of existing Public Consortia for SWM was conducted from January to May based upon responses received by email, phone contacts, internet searches, review dfcreto academic papers on specific Consortia, municipal laws, reports and State Integrated Plans.
The results indicate that the following items must be considered in implementing SWM through Public Consortia: Regulamenta a Lei n This may make it impossible to plan the construction of regional and shared landfills. Therefore, prioritizing public resources by forming Consortia established in the PNRS is not necessarily associated with effective management; it can potentially induce ineffectiveness and inefficiency of the SWM policy, among other relevant issues.
This means that the study sample tends to represent the dominant characteristics of Brazilian municipalities. Through gathering of information and empirical data our analysis reveals challenges that are not being addressed and that impact in both, the formation of Public Consortia, as well as the urban solid waste management alternatives.
Since the Rio Conference 92, there has been the incorporation of new priorities for sustainable solid waste management, dd has directed the 74404 of Governments, industry and society.
decreto federal 7404 de 2010 pdf
The international concern in relation to solid wastes, household solid wastes, has increased due to increase in production and to inadequate management and disposal areas. This shows the lack of planning in the creation of Consortia, preventing them from having access to government resources and information drcreto the reality of the sector, its features and the real demand for this type of service.
However, only eight Consortia out of the 29 signaled the priority of access to cecreto as an incentive for the formation of Consortia.
Furthermore, in most landfills, there is no proper treatment for the slurry toxic liquid generated by organic garbage decomposition. Lessons from the Brazilian Experience.
Most them are in the Northeast region, the poorest in. Public Consortia as an Alternative Scale-Efficient? In most countries, local authorities are charged with the responsibility of collecting and disposing of solid and liquid municipal wastes within their areas of jurisdiction municipalities or counties. The lack of municipal technical capacity was evident throughout the research, confirmed by the answers of the Consortia.
Public policy steps-second phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia.