ANDREAS SCHEDLER DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION PDF
Students of political democratization have employed the notion of “democratic consolidation” in unclear and inconsistent ways. The article reconstructs and. Much of the literature on ‘democratic consolidation’ has adopted a forward‐ looking, future‐oriented perspective. Rather than studying past regimes, it tries to . Andreas Schedler, who is currently attached to the Facultad Latinoamericana de possibly most, students of democratic consolidation are studying today’s.
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Instead, the authors suggest that consolidation is a process of stabilization, routinization, and institutionalization of patterns of political behavior. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
Schedler and Munck and Verkuilen discuss issues related to the conceptualization of democracy and the measurement of consolidation. This article concludes with an overview of literature on deconsolidation, which challenges the notion that democratic consolidation is irreversible.
Sign in with your library card. They point out that democracies may take many forms and will not necessarily be better at solving various socioeconomic problems. The Sources of Democratic Consolidation. This leads the author to a somewhat self-evident conclusion that democracies endure when political actors behave democratically. What is Democratic Consolidation?
The authors outline an intentionally broad understanding of what democracy is by focusing on its conceptual definition, procedures, and institutions, as well as its underlying principles not enshrined elsewhere, such as contingent consent and bounded uncertainty.
Premised on the idea that beliefs about political outcomes generated by a regime are important in determining whether democracy is consolidated, the author takes a rational-choice approach to examine the strategy of elite actors on the right side of the political spectrum in five European states.
In the long run, informal practices, such as clientelism, are indeed antithetical to democratic survival.
Project MUSE – What is Democratic Consolidation?
Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. Contact Contact Us Help. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. The use of one and the same term for vastly different things only simulates a shared common language; in fact, the reigning conceptual disorder is acting as a powerful barrier to consolidatoon communication, theory building, and the accumulation of knowledge.
The most widely accepted criteria for identi-fying a country as democratic have been put forward by Robert Dahl—civil and political rights plus fair, competitive, and inclusive elections.
Huntington argues democcratic a reversal of transition is less likely and consolidation of democracy is more likely to take place in more economically developed states that transitioned peacefully and early in the wave, have previous experience with democracy, and have the support of international actors. Time is an especially important component of many empirical works that seek to explain regime endurance.
This article offers a systemic assessment existing data sets of democracy used in large- N analysis and evaluates three challenges that researchers face in their dchedler Please subscribe or login. Export Citations Print Email Share. At this point, with people using the concept any way they like, nobody can be sure what it means to others, but all maintain the illusion of speaking to one another in some comprehensible way.
He proposes that scholars use the definition most appropriate to their starting point: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century.
Linz and Stepan offer an intuitive definition of consolidation—a democracy is consolidated when no political actors seek to overthrow it. The meaning that we ascribe to the notion of democratic consolidation depends on where we stand our empirical viewpoints and where we aim to reach our normative horizons. On the other hand, equating consolidation with endurance may strike some scholars and students as a descriptive tautology; consolidated democracies are those that survive, and surviving democracies are those that are consolidated.
Viewpoints and Horizons
Although he acknowledges that individual choices are conditioned by context-specific issues, Alexander makes the argument that elites must choose democracy and often do so for self-interested reasons.
It has come to include such divergent items as popular legitimation, the diffusion of democratic values, the neutralization consilidation antisystem actors, civilian supremacy over the military, the [End Page 91] elimination of authoritarian enclaves, party building, the organization of functional interests, the stabilization of electoral rules, the routinization of politics, the decentralization of state power, the introduction of mechanisms of direct democracy, judicial reform, the alleviation of poverty, and economic stabilization.
He pushes this argument further by proposing that imperfect democracies that are not fully and formally institutionalized can also endure.
Jump to Other Articles: Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Although Diamond rejects theories that privilege preconditions the success of consolidation, he also suggests that consolidation may take many different paths.